he Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras and Harvard University researchers have developed a Machine Learning algorithm named ‘CombSGPO’ (Combined Security Game Policy Optimization) to help in saving wildlife from poaching. The researchers, according to an official statement, found that the combined and coordinated use of forest rangers and drones was a good way to protect wildlife from poaching. The work has been peer-reviewed and was well received at the 20th International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems.
As the resources (rangers and drones) are limited, the researchers developed this algorithm which provided a good strategy to protect wildlife with the resources available. This new algorithm seeks to provide “highly efficient strategies” that are more scalable than the earlier ones created for the same purpose.
The algorithm works by handling resource allocation and strategizing patrolling after the extent of resources available had been identified. For this task, it utilizes data on the animal population in the conserved area and assumes that poachers are aware about the patrolling being done at various sites, the statement added.